Vulnerabilidade detectada em switches da fabricante Cisco

A linha de switches Catalyst, da fornecedora Cisco, possui uma grave vulnerabilidade que tem sido mencionada muitas vezes por diversas fontes, porém nunca havia sido comprovada. Apresentamos abaixo os detalhes da falha, recomendações e produtos afetados.

Uma vulnerabilidade no código de processamento do Cisco Cluster Management Protocol (CMP) nos softwares Cisco IOS e Cisco IOS XE permite que um invasor remoto, através de um acesso não autenticado, realize o reload do device afetado ou a execução de códigos com privilégios elevados.

O protocolo do gerenciamento de cluster (CMP) usa internamente o Telnet como um protocolo de sinalização e comando entre seus os membros. A vulnerabilidade é devido à combinação de dois fatores:

  • Falha em restringir o uso de opções Telnet específicas do CMP para as comunicações internas e locais entre os membros do cluster e, em vez disso, aceitar e processar essas opções em qualquer conexão Telnet em um dispositivo afetado

  • Processamento incorreto de opções Telnet específicas de CMP malformadas.

Recomendação:

A Cisco aconselha atualizar o software dos switches para a versão corrigida. Também é recomendado pela fornecedora desativar o protocolo Telnet dos switches com as seguintes justificativas:

  • Telnet é um protocolo legado;

  • O protocolo SSH é uma forma segura de substituir o Telnet;

  • De acordo com o Advisory, a utilização do Telnet por um invasor em um switch Catalyst pode ser um forma simples para o comprometimento do equipamento;

  • Sem conhecimento de “in-the-wild” exploitation.

Linha de produtos afetados:

Essa vulnerabilidade afeta os seguintes dispositivos que utilizam uma versão vulnerável do software Cisco IOS com a configuração para aceitar conexões telnet:

  • Cisco Catalyst 2350-48TD-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2350-48TD-SD Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2360-48TD-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2918-24TC-C Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2918-24TT-C Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2918-48TC-C Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2918-48TT-C Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2928-24TC-C Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960-24-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960-24LC-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960-24LT-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960-24PC-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960-24PC-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960-24TC-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960-24TC-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960-24TT-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960-48PST-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960-48PST-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960-48TC-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960-48TC-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960-48TT-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960-48TT-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960-8TC-L Compact Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960-8TC-S Compact Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960-Plus 24LC-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960-Plus 24LC-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960-Plus 24PC-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960-Plus 24PC-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960-Plus 24TC-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960-Plus 24TC-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960-Plus 48PST-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960-Plus 48PST-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960-Plus 48TC-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960-Plus 48TC-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960C-12PC-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960C-8PC-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960C-8TC-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960C-8TC-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960CG-8TC-L Compact Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960CPD-8PT-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960CPD-8TT-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960CX-8PC-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960CX-8TC-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960G-24TC-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960G-48TC-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960G-8TC-L Compact Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960L-16PS-LL Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960L-16TS-LL Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960L-24PS-LL Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960L-24TS-LL Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960L-48PS-LL Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960L-48TS-LL Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960L-8PS-LL Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960L-8TS-LL Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960PD-8TT-L Compact Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960S-24PD-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960S-24PS-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960S-24TD-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960S-24TS-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960S-24TS-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960S-48FPD-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960S-48FPS-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960S-48LPD-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960S-48LPS-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960S-48TD-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960S-48TS-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960S-48TS-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960S-F24PS-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960S-F24TS-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960S-F24TS-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960S-F48FPS-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960S-F48LPS-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960S-F48TS-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960S-F48TS-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960X-24PD-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960X-24PS-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960X-24PSQ-L Cool Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960X-24TD-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960X-24TS-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960X-24TS-LL Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960X-48FPD-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960X-48FPS-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960X-48LPD-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960X-48LPS-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960X-48TD-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960X-48TS-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960X-48TS-LL Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960XR-24PD-I Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960XR-24PD-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960XR-24PS-I Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960XR-24PS-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960XR-24TD-I Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960XR-24TD-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960XR-24TS-I Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960XR-24TS-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960XR-48FPD-I Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960XR-48FPD-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960XR-48FPS-I Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960XR-48FPS-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960XR-48LPD-I Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960XR-48LPD-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960XR-48LPS-I Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960XR-48LPS-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960XR-48TD-I Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960XR-48TD-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960XR-48TS-I Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2960XR-48TS-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2970G-24T Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2970G-24TS Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 2975 Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3550 12G Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3550 12T Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3550 24 DC SMI Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3550 24 EMI Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3550 24 FX SMI Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3550 24 PWR Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3550 24 SMI Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3550 48 EMI Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3550 48 SMI Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560-12PC-S Compact Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560-24PS Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560-24TS Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560-48PS Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560-48TS Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560-8PC Compact Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560C-12PC-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560C-8PC-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560CG-8PC-S Compact Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560CG-8TC-S Compact Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560CPD-8PT-S Compact Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560CX-12PC-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560CX-12PD-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560CX-12TC-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560CX-8PC-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560CX-8PT-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560CX-8TC-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560CX-8XPD-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560E-12D-E Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560E-12D-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560E-12SD-E Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560E-12SD-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560E-24PD-E Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560E-24PD-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560E-24TD-E Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560E-24TD-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560E-48PD-E Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560E-48PD-EF Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560E-48PD-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560E-48PD-SF Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560E-48TD-E Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560E-48TD-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560G-24PS Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560G-24TS Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560G-48PS Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560G-48TS Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560V2-24DC Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560V2-24PS Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560V2-24TS Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560V2-48PS Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560V2-48TS Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560X-24P-E Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560X-24P-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560X-24P-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560X-24T-E Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560X-24T-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560X-24T-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560X-24U-E Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560X-24U-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560X-24U-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560X-48P-E Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560X-48P-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560X-48P-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560X-48PF-E Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560X-48PF-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560X-48PF-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560X-48T-E Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560X-48T-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560X-48T-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560X-48U-E Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560X-48U-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3560X-48U-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750 Metro 24-AC Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750 Metro 24-DC Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750-24FS Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750-24PS Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750-24TS Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750-48PS Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750-48TS Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750E-24PD-E Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750E-24PD-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750E-24TD-E Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750E-24TD-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750E-48PD-E Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750E-48PD-EF Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750E-48PD-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750E-48PD-SF Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750E-48TD-E Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750E-48TD-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750G-12S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750G-12S-SD Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750G-16TD Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750G-24PS Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750G-24T Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750G-24TS Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750G-24TS-1U Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750G-48PS Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750G-48TS Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750V2-24FS Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750V2-24PS Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750V2-24TS Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750V2-48PS Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750V2-48TS Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750X-12S-E Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750X-12S-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750X-24P-E Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750X-24P-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750X-24P-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750X-24S-E Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750X-24S-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750X-24T-E Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750X-24T-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750X-24T-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750X-24U-E Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750X-24U-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750X-24U-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750X-48P-E Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750X-48P-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750X-48P-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750X-48PF-E Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750X-48PF-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750X-48PF-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750X-48T-E Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750X-48T-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750X-48T-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750X-48U-E Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750X-48U-L Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 3750X-48U-S Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 4000 Supervisor Engine I

  • Cisco Catalyst 4000/4500 Supervisor Engine IV

  • Cisco Catalyst 4000/4500 Supervisor Engine V

  • Cisco Catalyst 4500 Series Supervisor Engine II-Plus

  • Cisco Catalyst 4500 Series Supervisor Engine II-Plus-TS

  • Cisco Catalyst 4500 Series Supervisor Engine V-10GE

  • Cisco Catalyst 4500 Series Supervisor II-Plus-10GE

  • Cisco Catalyst 4500 Supervisor Engine 6-E

  • Cisco Catalyst 4500 Supervisor Engine 6L-E

  • Cisco Catalyst 4900M Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 4928 10 Gigabit Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 4948 10 Gigabit Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 4948 Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 4948E Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst 4948E-F Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst Blade Switch 3020 for HP

  • Cisco Catalyst Blade Switch 3030 for Dell

  • Cisco Catalyst Blade Switch 3032 for Dell M1000E

  • Cisco Catalyst Blade Switch 3040 for FSC

  • Cisco Catalyst Blade Switch 3120 for HP

  • Cisco Catalyst Blade Switch 3120X for HP

  • Cisco Catalyst Blade Switch 3130 for Dell M1000E

  • Cisco Catalyst C2928-24LT-C Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst C2928-48TC-C Switch

  • Cisco Catalyst Switch Module 3012 for IBM BladeCenter

  • Cisco Catalyst Switch Module 3110 for IBM BladeCenter

  • Cisco Catalyst Switch Module 3110X for IBM BladeCenter

  • Cisco Embedded Service 2020 24TC CON B Switch

  • Cisco Embedded Service 2020 24TC CON Switch

  • Cisco Embedded Service 2020 24TC NCP B Switch

  • Cisco Embedded Service 2020 24TC NCP Switch

  • Cisco Embedded Service 2020 CON B Switch

  • Cisco Embedded Service 2020 CON Switch

  • Cisco Embedded Service 2020 NCP B Switch

  • Cisco Embedded Service 2020 NCP Switch

  • Cisco Enhanced Layer 2 EtherSwitch Service Module

  • Cisco Enhanced Layer 2/3 EtherSwitch Service Module

  • Cisco Gigabit Ethernet Switch Module (CGESM) for HP

  • Cisco IE 2000-16PTC-G Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE 2000-16T67 Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE 2000-16T67P Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE 2000-16TC Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE 2000-16TC-G Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE 2000-16TC-G-E Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE 2000-16TC-G-N Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE 2000-16TC-G-X Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE 2000-24T67 Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE 2000-4S-TS-G Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE 2000-4T Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE 2000-4T-G Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE 2000-4TS Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE 2000-4TS-G Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE 2000-8T67 Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE 2000-8T67P Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE 2000-8TC Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE 2000-8TC-G Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE 2000-8TC-G-E Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE 2000-8TC-G-N Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE 3000-4TC Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE 3000-8TC Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE-3010-16S-8PC Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE-3010-24TC Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE-4000-16GT4G-E Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE-4000-16T4G-E Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE-4000-4GC4GP4G-E Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE-4000-4GS8GP4G-E Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE-4000-4S8P4G-E Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE-4000-4T4P4G-E Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE-4000-4TC4G-E Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE-4000-8GS4G-E Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE-4000-8GT4G-E Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE-4000-8GT8GP4G-E Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE-4000-8S4G-E Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE-4000-8T4G-E Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE-4010-16S12P Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE-4010-4S24P Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE-5000-12S12P-10G Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco IE-5000-16S12P Industrial Ethernet Switch

  • Cisco ME 4924-10GE Switch

  • Cisco RF Gateway 10

  • Cisco SM-X Layer 2/3 EtherSwitch Service Module

Fonte: https://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityAdvisory/cisco-sa-20170317-cmp

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